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GandhiPan-Islamism, Imperialism and Nationalism in India$
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B. R. Nanda

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195658279

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658279.001.0001

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The Balance-Sheet of the Khilafat

The Balance-Sheet of the Khilafat

Chapter:
(p.372) Chapter 20 The Balance-Sheet of the Khilafat
Source:
Gandhi
Author(s):

B. R. Nanda

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658279.003.0020

This chapter discusses the Khilafat movement, which was considered as a deviation from the developments in Muslim politics. It notes that the Muslims were briefly drawn into conventional Indian nationalism during 1920–2, due to the efforts of Gandhi and the non-cooperation movement. It shows how Gandhi became involved in the Khilafat movement—for which he has been blamed for ‘exploiting’ Muslim religious grievances—and tries to explain how Turkey’s fate become an emotional issue for millions of Indian Muslims. It then examines the consequences of the failure of the Khilafat movement on India and Gandhi. The chapter concludes by noting that one of the best ways to unite the Hindu and Muslim communities was through ‘nation-building’.

Keywords:   Khilafat movement, Muslim politics, conventional Indian nationalism, religious grievances, Turkey, nation-building

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