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GandhiPan-Islamism, Imperialism and Nationalism in India$
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B. R. Nanda

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195658279

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658279.001.0001

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The End of a Dream

The End of a Dream

Chapter:
(p.362) Chapter 19 The End of a Dream
Source:
Gandhi
Author(s):

B. R. Nanda

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658279.003.0019

This chapter looks at the events that led to the collapse of the Khilafat movement. The first event was the cessation of mass civil disobedience by Gandhi, and the second was the stopping of the non-cooperation movement after Gandhi’s arrest. However, the most brutal blow to the Khilafat movement was the elimination of the Caliphate in Turkey. This was followed by a number of drastic steps taken by the Kemalist regime in order to hasten the process of westernization and secularization of Turkey. It shows that this event shocked the Indian Muslims and caused disquiet in India, and that it led to the realization that the issue of the Caliphate was actually a question of power politics, not of Islamic doctrine.

Keywords:   non-cooperation movement, Khilafat movement, mass civil disobedience, elimination of the Caliphate, Kemalist regime, westernization and secularization of Turkey, power politics, Islamic doctrine

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