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GandhiPan-Islamism, Imperialism and Nationalism in India$
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B. R. Nanda

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195658279

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658279.001.0001

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Leader of the Khilafat

Leader of the Khilafat

Chapter:
(p.198) Chapter 11 Leader of the Khilafat
Source:
Gandhi
Author(s):

B. R. Nanda

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658279.003.0011

This chapter studies Mohamad Ali, a Khilafat agitation leader. It reveals the deep tensions surrounding the Hindus and the Muslims despite political connections that were formed after the Lucknow Pact and the Balkan Wars. It also examines Mohamed Ali’s political and intellectual transformation before the war, and shows how this was affected by his imprisonment during the war. Describing Ali in more detail, he is compared to Gandhi. The chapter takes a look at the dismemberment of Turkey, an event the Indian Muslims and the Indian government had feared for many years. It also considers Gandhi’s involvement in the satyagraha struggle against the Rowlatt Bills, and the impact the release of the Ali brothers had on the Khilafat agitation in 1919. The chapter ends with a study of Gandhi’s strategy to move Khilafat agitation into conventional nationalist politics.

Keywords:   Mohamed Ali, Khilafat agitation, Hindu–Muslim tensions, Lucknow Pact, Balkan Wars, dismemberment of Turkey, satyagraha struggle, Rowlat Bills, nationalist politics

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