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GokhaleThe Indian Moderates and the British Raj$
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B. R. Nanda

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780195647518

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195647518.001.0001

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Emergence of the Educated Élite

Emergence of the Educated Élite

Chapter:
(p.14) 3 Emergence of the Educated Élite
Source:
Gokhale
Author(s):

B. R. Nanda

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195647518.003.0003

This chapter begins with a discussion of British efforts to replace Hindu theology with western learning, and the diversion of the annual Dakshina festival into scholarships for students of schools and colleges set up on the western model. These efforts were initiated by Mountstuart Elphinstone, the Commissioner of the Deccan and, later, the Governor of Bombay. It describes the careers of Sardar Gopal Hari Deshmukh (1823–1883) and Vishvanath Narayan Mandlik (1833–1889), both of whom were products of the new western education. The discussion then turns to the difficult path of the educated élite, lying, as it did, between the Scylla of popular opposition and the Charybdis of official distrust. This is illustrated by the career of Mahadev Govind Ranade (1842–1901), the most mature, the most prescient, and probably the most influential Maharashtrian of his time.

Keywords:   education, Hindu theology, western learning, Dakshina, Mountstuart Elphinstone, Sardar Gopal Hari Deshmukh, Vishvanath Narayan Mandlik, Mahadev Govind Ranade

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