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GokhaleThe Indian Moderates and the British Raj$
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B. R. Nanda

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780195647518

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195647518.001.0001

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Gokhale and the Communal Problem

Gokhale and the Communal Problem

Chapter:
(p.337) 29 Gokhale and the Communal Problem
Source:
Gokhale
Author(s):

B. R. Nanda

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195647518.003.0029

This chapter focuses on the Hindu–Muslim problem and Gokhale’s relationship with Muslim politicians. After the initial confrontation between Sir Syed Ahmed and the founding fathers of the Congress, the educated section of the two communities learnt to move in their own separate grooves. Their paths did not particularly cross until after the partition of Bengal. The partition may not have been deliberately conceived by Curzon to play-off the two communities against each other, but after the launch of the massive agitation for the reversal of the partition, high British officials, especially in the newly created province of East Bengal and Assam, increasingly sought Muslim support to offset a political pressure which was predominantly Hindu. The partition of Bengal also accelerated the polarization within the Congress.

Keywords:   Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Hindu–Muslim problem, Sir Syed Ahmed, Muslim politicians, Curzon, partition of Bengal, Congress

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