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Jawaharlal NehruRebel and Statesman$
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B. R. Nanda

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780195645866

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195645866.001.0001

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Azad, Nehru, and Partition

Azad, Nehru, and Partition

Chapter:
(p.174) 8 Azad, Nehru, and Partition
Source:
Jawaharlal Nehru
Author(s):

B. R. Nanda

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195645866.003.0008

In his autobiography, India Wins Freedom, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad presents a personal account of the Partition of India. There is a tinge of bitterness in Maulana’s account, which is not surprising because the partition of India was a traumatic experience for him. Maulana began his journalistic and political career before World War I as a pan-Islamist, but switched to secular nationalism after meeting Mahatma Gandhi in 1920. In the late 1930s, Maulana emerged as indisputably the most important nationalist Muslim leader in India. The mass media have concentrated on Maulana’s indictment in his book against Jawaharlal Nehru and Vallabhbhai Patel for the partition of India. However, the roots of the confrontation between Indian nationalism and Muslim separatism, which culminated in the partition of the country, did not take place in the decade covered by Maulana’s book. The Maulana also includes a press statement in India Wins Freedom, in which he addressed Indian Muslims in 1946 and criticized the Pakistan scheme.

Keywords:   India Wins Freedom, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Partition, Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel, nationalism, Muslims, separatism, Pakistan

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