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Jawaharlal NehruRebel and Statesman$
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B. R. Nanda

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780195645866

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195645866.001.0001

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Jawaharlal Nehru and the Partition of India

Jawaharlal Nehru and the Partition of India

(p.115) 7 Jawaharlal Nehru and the Partition of India
Jawaharlal Nehru

B. R. Nanda

Oxford University Press

During the twelve years prior to the Partition of India, Jawaharlal Nehru was one of the foremost leaders of the Indian National Congress and wielded considerable influence over the politics of the organization. However, he did not by any means dictate its members. The Congress organization was collective in its leadership, rather than monolithic. Nehru’s views on the communal problem can be understood by analysing the changing pattern of Indian politics, the pressures operating within and on the Congress, and the persistent conflict between the Congress and the Indian government. Nehru considered the communal problem part of the challenge of the All India Muslim League; for him, communalism was one aspect of the total situation which nationalist India had to address. This chapter examines the attitudes and actions of Nehru, as well as the Congress leadership, to the challenge of Muslim separatism in the context of the relationship between Congress and the All India Muslim League, and that between Congress and the government.

Keywords:   Partition, India, Jawaharlal Nehru, Indian National Congress, politics, communalism, separatism, government, All India Muslim League

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