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Jawaharlal NehruRebel and Statesman$
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B. R. Nanda

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780195645866

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195645866.001.0001

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Gandhi and Jawaharlal

Gandhi and Jawaharlal

(p.23) 3 Gandhi and Jawaharlal
Jawaharlal Nehru

B. R. Nanda

Oxford University Press

Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru were at odds during the crisis in the Congress leadership in 1936. However, this was not the first time that the two men had differed. They clashed in 1922 over the aftermath of the Chauri Chaura tragedy; in 1928 over complete independence versus dominion status; in 1929 on the Viceroy’s declaration; in 1931 on the Gandhi–Irwin Pact; in 1932 when Gandhi resorted to fasting against separate electorates for untouchables; and in 1934 over the withdrawal of the civil disobedience movement. Despite these differences, Gandhi and Nehru stood together for more than twenty-five years. Their partnership is one of the longest, most intriguing, and fruitful in the history of nationalism. Gandhi and Nehru also differed regarding World War II that erupted in September 1939. They also had differing opinions regarding unilateral disarmament of India.

Keywords:   Jawaharlal Nehru, nationalism, Mahatma Gandhi, India, Congress, independence, civil disobedience, World War II, disarmament, fasting

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