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Jawaharlal NehruRebel and Statesman$
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B. R. Nanda

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780195645866

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195645866.001.0001

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The Triumvirate: Gandhi, Motilal, and Jawaharlal

The Triumvirate: Gandhi, Motilal, and Jawaharlal

(p.14) 2 The Triumvirate: Gandhi, Motilal, and Jawaharlal
Jawaharlal Nehru

B. R. Nanda

Oxford University Press

Mahatma Gandhi’s relationship with Jawaharlal Nehru and his father Motilal offers an interesting glimpse into the interplay between personalities and politics during the 1920s, a crucial decade in the history of Indian nationalism. Despite the pronounced differences in their world-views and temperaments, Gandhi and the two Nehrus found a way to work together. Paradoxically, the latent tensions, the overt conflicts, and the eleventh-hour compromises which punctuated their political partnership enhanced rather than diminished their contribution to the cause of Indian independence. In 1918, Motilal Nehru broke with his Moderate allies in the Indian National Congress over the Montagu–Chelmsford reforms. However, he was hostile to Gandhi’s call for a satyagraha campaign in February 1919 against the Rowlatt Bills. As a lawyer, legislator, and Congressman, the elder Nehru opposed civil disobedience, which he considered foolish and futile.

Keywords:   Motilal Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru, nationalism, politics, Mahatma Gandhi, Indian National Congress, Rowlatt Bills, civil disobedience, Montagu–Chelmsford reforms

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