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Jawaharlal NehruRebel and Statesman$
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B. R. Nanda

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780195645866

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195645866.001.0001

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Nehru and the British

Nehru and the British

(p.253) 13 Nehru and the British
Jawaharlal Nehru

B. R. Nanda

Oxford University Press

Winston Churchill described Jawaharlal Nehru in 1937 as a ‘Communist, revolutionary, most capable and most implacable of the enemies of the British connection with India’. Ironically, what the British Raj considered an enemy belonged to one of the most anglicized families in India at the turn of the century. His father, Motilal Nehru, had built up a profitable practice at the bar of the Allahabad High Court, disputed with Hindu orthodoxy, and defied the caste taboo on foreign travel. He dressed, lived, and even looked an Englishman. His son Jawaharlal was attracted by Fabian socialism and other radical ideas of pre-1914 England. Mahatma Gandhi’s emergence on the Indian scene early in 1919 radically altered the course of Jawaharlal’s life. Jawaharlal’s visit to Europe in 1926–7 imparted a sharp political and economic edge to his policies which he used on his return to India to organize students and industrial workers. Jawaharlal Nehru became the champion of a passionate and defiant nationalism and an influential figure in Indian politics.

Keywords:   Winston Churchill, Jawaharlal Nehru, India, nationalism, Motilal Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi, politics, British Raj, Europe, England

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