This chapter covers the ideological influences that informed the Declaration of Independence and the federal Constitution. It discusses disestablishment on the federal level, which was led by James Madison, examining both the controversy over ratification of the no-religious-test clause and the drafting of the First Amendment religion clauses. It argues that, by 1790, a general consensus existed among Federalists, Anti-Federalists, and even clergy about the secular nature of the Constitution.
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