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The Second DisestablishmentChurch and State in Nineteenth-Century America$
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Steven Green

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195399677

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399677.001.0001

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Revolutionary Disestablishment

Revolutionary Disestablishment

Chapter:
(p.15) 1 Revolutionary Disestablishment
Source:
The Second Disestablishment
Author(s):

Steven K. Green (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399677.003.0001

This chapter describes the intellectual foundations of the movement toward disestablishment during the revolutionary period. It argues that, while a variety of ideologies influenced the founders—Whig theories, classical and civic republicanism, Calvinism, evangelicalism—Enlightenment rationalism was dominant. The founders synthesized these ideologies into a coherent theory of republicanism that was secular in orientation. This chapter also examines political disestablishment at the state level, demonstrating the nation’s evolution toward greater religious equality.

Keywords:   enlightenment, Locke, Jefferson, Madison, Calvinism, republican, constitution, establishment, states

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