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In God’s EmpireFrench Missionaries and the Modern World$
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Owen White and J.P. Daughton

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195396447

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396447.001.0001

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Bretons in Conquest of a Former Colony: French Catholic Missionaries in Haiti, 1860–1915

Bretons in Conquest of a Former Colony: French Catholic Missionaries in Haiti, 1860–1915

Chapter:
(p.67) 3 Bretons in Conquest of a Former Colony: French Catholic Missionaries in Haiti, 1860–1915
Source:
In God’s Empire
Author(s):

Philippe Delisle

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396447.003.0003

Revolution in France and Saint-Domingue, coupled with the creation of an independent Haiti in 1804, put in jeopardy the work that Catholic missionaries had done over the course of the eighteenth century. This chapter explores how French missionaries reorganized their hierarchy and reasserted their place within Haitian society over the course of the nineteenth century. In particular, it considers how French missionaries, primarily from Brittany, evangelized in late nineteenth-century Haiti, often facing great tension and conflict with civil authorities, as well as practitioners of Voodoo.

Keywords:   Saint-Domingue, Haiti, Brittany, Voodoo, church-state conflict

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