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Stages of ThoughtThe Co-Evolution of Religious Thought and Science$
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Michael Horace Barnes

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195396270

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396270.001.0001

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Early Modern Models of Reality in Science and Religion

Early Modern Models of Reality in Science and Religion

(p.152) 8 Early Modern Models of Reality in Science and Religion
Stages of Thought

Michael Horace Barnes

Oxford University Press

Modem science has gradually produced a new model of the universe and how that universe operates, at model partly at odds with traditional Western religious belief, though it has contributed to some religious thought. This chapter reviews major competing models of reality that have emerged over the last few centuries to see how the current scientific model emerged and whether either religious or antireligious motives helped determine which model would win out. The dominant scientific model of the universe is naturalistic. It is not necessarily a Godless universe, as multiple 20th-century theologies attest. But in those theologies, the mode of divine presence and activity, as well as the basis for the belief in God, appear inadequate on the grounds that a naturalistic universe is not a religious one.

Keywords:   hermetic philosophy, mechanical philosophy, deism, Charles Darwin, naturalistic universe

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