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Stages of ThoughtThe Co-Evolution of Religious Thought and Science$
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Michael Horace Barnes

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195396270

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396270.001.0001

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Cognitive Styles in Primitive Cultures

Cognitive Styles in Primitive Cultures

(p.53) 3 Cognitive Styles in Primitive Cultures
Stages of Thought

Michael Horace Barnes

Oxford University Press

Religious beliefs of egalitarian foraging cultures include belief in spirits and magic, treated by primitive people as significant but fairly commonplace. This is called animism. These beliefs are expresses in folktales of relative brevity. The style of thought of a primitive culture, and also the religion, is a mixture of preoperational and concrete operational thought. Christopher Hallpike holds that primitive cultures manifest a high degree of preoperational practices in word, and probably, also in thought. In comparison with primitive cultures, other cultures have additional modes of thought at their disposal, including modes of religious thought and the aspects of thought that was to develop into science.

Keywords:   primitive religious thought, primitive religion, primitive culture, foraging culture, Christopher Hallpike, preoperational thought, animism

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