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The Roots of Cognitive NeuroscienceBehavioral Neurology and Neuropsychology$
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Anjan Chatterjee and H. Branch Coslett

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780195395549

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395549.001.0001

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We Stand on the Shoulders of Giants

We Stand on the Shoulders of Giants

The Golden Era of Behavioral Neurology 1860–1950 and Its Relevance to Cognitive Neuroscience Today

Chapter:
(p.11) Chapter 2 We Stand on the Shoulders of Giants
Source:
The Roots of Cognitive Neuroscience
Author(s):

Heidi L. Roth

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395549.003.0002

This chapter reviews origins of the modern scientific inquiry into cognition by examining the contributions to the field of behavioral neurology spanning the rich period from 1860 to 1950. Modularity of function, concepts of hemispheric asymmetry, and the early modeling of cognitive function based on connectionstic principles are reviewed. Specifically the contributions of Broca, Wernicke, Lichtheim, Liepmann, and Lissauer are discussed while showcasing the lasting insights these investigators made to the understanding of aphasia, apraxia, and visual agnosia. In this time before modern imaging, advances were often derived from the study of neuropathological correlations. Case studies were informed by principles of brain organization and led to the generation of new hypotheses and models of neuropsychological functions that remain relevant today.

Keywords:   connectionist models, modularity, hemispheric asymmetry, history of neurology, broca, wernicke, liepmann, lissauer, aphasia, apraxia, visual agnosia

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