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Motor ControlTheories, Experiments, and Applications$
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Frederic Danion, PhD and Mark Latash, PhD

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195395273

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.001.0001

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Control of Locomotion

Control of Locomotion

Lessons from Whole-body Biomechanical Analysis

Chapter:
(p.197) 9 Control of Locomotion
Source:
Motor Control
Author(s):

Boris I. Prilutsky

Alexander N. Klishko

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0009

Biomechanical analysis of whole-body locomotion in different conditions is a unique tool for exploring the effects of environmental demands on movement control. This chapter reviews data from the literature and from research on how quadrupedal animals operate their four extremities, select gaits, distribute loads between fore- and hindlimbs, divide labor among joints to generate the mechanical energy necessary for propulsion, and select specific muscles around individual joints to meet various task demands (slope, speed, required accuracy, and perturbations). The data presented in the chapter provide new, important perspectives on the central and afferent mechanisms of whole-body posture and locomotion control.

Keywords:   biomedical analysis, whole-body locomotion, environmental demands, movement control, propulsion, slope, speed, accuracy, perturbations

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