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Motor ControlTheories, Experiments, and Applications$
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Frederic Danion, PhD and Mark Latash, PhD

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195395273

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.001.0001

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Observer-independent Dynamical Measures of Team Coordination and Performance

Observer-independent Dynamical Measures of Team Coordination and Performance

Chapter:
(p.72) 4 Observer-independent Dynamical Measures of Team Coordination and Performance
Source:
Motor Control
Author(s):

Silke M. Dodel

Ajay S. Pillai

Philip W. Fink

Eric R. Muth

Roy Stripling

Dylan D. Schmorrow

Joseph V. Cohn

Viktor K. Jirsa

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0004

Team performance represents an extension of individual performance. It is an outcome of individuals joining together for the purpose of exploiting one another's individual skills to accomplish successfully a common goal. Current team performance measures are based upon observational analysis coupled with expert evaluation, or event-based measurements. These measures ignore the temporal nature of team behavior and reveal little about the dynamic team processes. This chapter performs an experiment with a four-member team mimicking an urban combat operation, and identifies crucial elements of team behavior in an observer-independent and time-resolved manner. Specifically, team behavior over time is represented as evolving along task- and skill level-dependent manifolds in phase space. Deviations from the manifold of the expert team quantify reduced team performance either via reduced skill or lack of coordination. The results demonstrate that expert team performance is distinguished by a larger degree of team coordination and team awareness.

Keywords:   team dynamics, phase space, manifold, team coordination, MOUT

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