The legal and institutional framework for counter-terrorism has evolved in recent years, accelerated by the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. Combined with concerns about weapons of mass destruction falling into the hands of nonstate actors, terrorism has become a security priority for great and emerging powers. The depth of concern is not shared throughout the developing world, but counter-terrorism has risen on the agenda of many international organizations, including the UN. This chapter considers that evolution through an examination of three phenomena: the contrasting international reactions to self-defense as a justification for US-led military action in Afghanistan and, Iraq, as well as the drone strikes in Pakistan; the quasi-legislative acts by the Security Council in adopting resolutions 1373 and 1540; and the quasi-judicial nature of the Taliban-Al Qaeda sanctions regime.
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