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Hermeneutics, Politics, and the History of ReligionsThe Contested Legacies of Joachim Wach and Mircea Eliade$
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Christian Wedemeyer and Wendy Doniger

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195394337

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394337.001.0001

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Eliade and Ionesco in the Post–World War II Years: Questions of Identity in Exile

Eliade and Ionesco in the Post–World War II Years: Questions of Identity in Exile

(p.103) 5 Eliade and Ionesco in the Post–World War II Years: Questions of Identity in Exile
Hermeneutics, Politics, and the History of Religions

Matei Calinescu†

Oxford University Press

Calinescu argues that Eliade saw himself as a Romanian scholar and writer in exile, in contrast with Ionesco, who adopted a French linguistic and literary identity. Ionesco, an adversary of the Romanian extreme right-wing movement of the Iron Guard, at first regarded Eliade as an ideological enemy, for Eliade had “serious and self-deluded” ties with the Iron Guard. The explicit published traces of this engagement are few, and they stopped in 1938 (in part with the aid of the censorship introduced by the dictatorship of King Carol II, an opponent of the Legionary movement), nor did Eliade ever talk about this connection. But when he later appeared to regret his political past (although not publicly), Ionesco “forgave” him, and the two became friends.

Keywords:   Eugène Ionesco, E. M. (Emil) Cioran, Iron Guard, Carol II

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