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Civilizing HabitsWomen Missionaries and the Revival of French Empire$
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Sarah A. Curtis

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195394184

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394184.001.0001

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From Old Worlds to New

From Old Worlds to New

(p.23) 1 From Old Worlds to New
Civilizing Habits

Sarah A. Curtis (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter introduces missionary Philippine Duchesne, who entered a cloistered Visitation convent in Grenoble in 1787. Forced to leave because of the Revolution, she joined the Religious of the Sacred Heart (RSCJ) in order to re‐Christianize France through the education of girls. She also developed a missionary vocation, finally realized with her departure for Missouri in 1818. The chapter contrasts the cloistered religious life in the Visitation with the active apostolic life in the RSCJ. It also explores the choices open to women religious expelled from their convents during the French Revolution and the development of a missionary vocation for women modeled on that of Marie de l'Incarnation and the Canadian Ursulines in the seventeenth century.

Keywords:   Philippine Duchesne, visitation, religious of the sacred heart, French revolution, cloister, missionary

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