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Civilizing HabitsWomen Missionaries and the Revival of French Empire$
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Sarah A. Curtis

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195394184

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394184.001.0001

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Catholics and Abolitionists

Catholics and Abolitionists

(p.233) 9 Catholics and Abolitionists
Civilizing Habits

Sarah A. Curtis (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the opposition to Javouhey's radical ideas and her independence within the Catholic church, especially a prolonged conflict with the Bishop of Autun (the Autun affair) regarding authority over the SSJC. Javouhey was one of the few Catholics of her time and the only Catholic nun to support the abolition of slavery in the French empire, which allied her with Protestants and anticlericals. In the SSJC missions in Guadeloupe and Martinique, however, the nuns had to acquiesce to the settlers' views on slavery and race equality. Starting in the 1840s, Javouhey took advantage of the “moralization” campaign to expand educational networks there to free blacks and slaves. The chapter also examines events in SSJC missions after the slave emancipation of 1848 and concludes by discussing Javouhey's role as a woman in the Catholic church.

Keywords:   Anne‐Marie Javouhey, Autun affair, abolition of slavery, Guadeloupe, Martinique, moralization campaign, slave emancipation of 1848

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