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Globalization and the National Security State$
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T.V. Paul and Norrin Ripsman

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195393903

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393903.001.0001

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The Global Security Environment

The Global Security Environment

Chapter:
(p.36) Chapter 2 The Global Security Environment
Source:
Globalization and the National Security State
Author(s):

Norrin M. Ripsman (Contributor Webpage)

T. V. Paul (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393903.003.0003

This chapter investigates global trends from 1991 to 2008. In particular, it inquires whether the macro-level propositions identified in Chapter 1 have been borne out. Therefore, it considers whether the level of interstate conflict has declined, whether global defense spending has decreased, whether the threat of global terrorism has begun to supplant interstate warfare on the global security agenda, and whether regional and global multilateral security institutions have begun to supplant states as the primary security providers, as many globalization scholars have predicted. It is shown that global trends are not very consistent with the globalization-kills-the-national-security-state hypothesis. Moreover, to the extent that certain features of the contemporary international system are consistent with the globalization school's predictions, it remains unclear whether globalization is the sole cause (or even the primary cause), or whether something potentially less enduring — such as American hegemony, the defense/deterrence dominance of contemporary military technology, or a lull after the all-encompassing global clash that was the Cold War — may have been more instrumental.

Keywords:   globalization, national security, interstate conflict, defense spending, terrorism, American hegemony

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