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People WatchingSocial, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception$
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Kerri Johnson and Maggie Shiffrar

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195393705

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.001.0001

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Brain Mechanisms for Social Perception:

Brain Mechanisms for Social Perception:

Moving Toward an Understanding of Autism

(p.335) Chapter 19Brain Mechanisms for Social Perception:
People Watching

Kevin Pelphrey

Sarah Shultz

Oxford University Press

The levels of social impairment experienced by different individuals with autism spectrum disorder strongly correlate with the degrees of dysfunction within each individual’s superior temporal sulcus (STS), a key region in social perception, in general, and in the perception of biological motion, in specific. From a developmental perspective, while STS responsiveness becomes increasingly selective for human movement in typical children, observers with autism show less selective tuning. Brain imaging research is reviewed that supports an interactive development model of the social brain and social perception.

Keywords:   autism, autism spectrum disorder, genetic etiology, phenotypic expression, superior temporal sulcus (sts), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fmri), social perception, social brain network

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