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The Grammar of QQ-Particles, Wh-Movement, and Pied-Piping$
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Seth Cable

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195392265

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392265.001.0001

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Wh-Fronting and Q-Movement in Tlingit

Wh-Fronting and Q-Movement in Tlingit

(p.13) 2 Wh-Fronting and Q-Movement in Tlingit
The Grammar of Q

Seth Cable (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues in depth that the proposed ‘Q-based’ analysis sketched in chapter 1 provides the best account of several features of the wh-questions of Tlingit. This chapter provides much of the empirical and conceptual foundation for the chapters that follow. The chapter begins with the demonstration that that Tlingit is a ‘wh-fronting language’, in the sense that the wh-words in its wh-questions must appear at left-peripheral positions. It is then argued that the Tlingit particle should be categorized as a ‘Q-particle’ alongside the Japanese particle ka and the Sinhala particle da. After these preliminaries have been taken care of, the core empirical arguments for the ‘Q-based’ account of Tlingit wh-questions are presented. Having defended the main analysis, this chapter then examines certain further, Tlingit-internal applications of it. It is argued that several additional syntactic phenomena in Tlingit would follow from a single generalization, the ‘QP-Intervention Condition’. In addition, a semantics is provided for Tlingit wh-questions and wh-indefinites, based on the notion that Q-particles are interpreted as variables ranging over choice-functions.

Keywords:   Tlingit, Japanese, Sinhala, wh-questions, Q-particles, superiority, P-stranding, left branch extractions, choice function

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