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Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s$
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Gordon M. Shepherd MD, DPhil

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195391503

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.001.0001

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Functional Organization of Neurons and Dendrites

Functional Organization of Neurons and Dendrites

(p.100) 8 Functional Organization of Neurons and Dendrites
Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Gordon M. Shepherd

Oxford University Press

This chapter details early studies on the neuron doctrine. The neuron doctrine arose as an organizing principle for the nervous system in the late 19th century. The advances in the 1950s provided the first adequate tests of its validity, bringing about a revolution in the functional concept of the neuron. Much of this revolution concerns the functional significance of the short processes, the dendrites, at the next higher level of organization of the neuron above the synapse.

Keywords:   neuron doctrine, neurons, dendrites, synapse

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