- Title Pages
- 1 Introduction: Why Study History? Why the 1940s and 1950s?
- 2 Genes: Starting with DNA
- 3 Signaling Molecules: The First Growth Factor
- 4 Signaling Molecules: The First Neurotransmitters in the Brain
- 5 Cell Biology and the Synapse
- 6 Physiology: The Action Potential
- 7 Physiology: Synaptic Potentials and Receptor Potentials
- 8 Functional Organization of Neurons and Dendrites
- 9 Neural Circuits: Spinal Cord, Retina, Invertebrate Systems
- 10 Neural Circuits: Cortical Columns and Cortical Processing
- 11 Neural Systems: The Neural Basis of Behavior
- 12 Learning and Memory: Donald Hebb, Brenda Milner, and H. M.
- 13 Neurology: Foundations of Brain Imaging
- 14 Neurosurgery: From Cushing to Penfield
- 15 Neuropsychiatry: The Breakthrough in Psychopharmacology
- 16 Theoretical Neuroscience: The Brain as a Computer and the Computer as a Brain
- 17 Summing Up
- Appendix A Resources
- Appendix B Supporting Material Available on the Web
- (p.233) 17 Summing Up
- Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s
Gordon M. Shepherd
- Oxford University Press
This chapter presents a summary of the preceding chapters and some concluding thoughts from the author. The book focused on the people, ideas and methods of the mid-20th century period. Framing the account in relation to the levels of organization of the nervous system at which the work was carried out, provides a better understanding of the context for the advances, as well as providing the means for comparing advances across different levels.
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