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Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain$
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Ran Hassin, Kevin Ochsner, and Yaacov Trope

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195391381

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.001.0001

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Justice as Social Self Control

Justice as Social Self Control

Chapter:
(p.473) CHAPTER 25 Justice as Social Self Control
Source:
Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain
Author(s):

Tom R. Tyler (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0025

This chapter examines the idea of justice from a self-control perspective. It argues that justice involves socially shared rules whose function is to facilitate people's efforts to manage social interactions. Because of the benefits of social interactions, people want to live in social groups and cooperate with others. However, doing so requires them to recognize what constitutes a reasonable balance between doing what benefits them and doing what benefits others. Rules of social justice define that reasonable balance and, in so doing, make social life more viable. This is directly true with principles of distributive justice, which indicate who should receive what. It is indirectly true of principles of procedural justice, which define how authorities should decide who should receive what. In both cases, reliance on justice makes the functioning of relationships and groups more efficient and effective.

Keywords:   distributive justice, procedural justice, social exchange, social identity, group engagement model

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