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Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology$
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Germaine M. Buck Louis and Robert W. Platt

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195387902

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387902.001.0001

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Fetal and Infant Mortality and Morbidity

Fetal and Infant Mortality and Morbidity

(p.222) 12 Fetal and Infant Mortality and Morbidity
Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology

K.S. Joseph

Oxford University Press

Fetal and infant death and serious neonatal morbidty are important adverse outcomes in perinatology. The definitions of these terms, the timing of fetal death (e.g., early fetal death and late fetal death; antepartum and intrapartum), the timing of infant death (early neonatal, late neonatal and post-neonatal) and the conventions for estimating rates (period and birth cohort types of infant mortality) are critical for making appropriate comparisons of temporal changes and regional differences in mortality and morbidity. These issues are highlighted using contemporary information on international infant mortality rates. Other issues discussed in the chapter include the Millennium Development Goals, causes of death, the principal types of serious neonatal morbidity, cerebral palsy, recent interventions that have affected infant morbidity and mortality rates. Specific conceptual and semantic issues that arise in the perinatal epidemiologic literature are also discussed.

Keywords:   fetal death, perinatal mortality, infant mortality, neonatal morbidity, epidemiology

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