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Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology$
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Germaine M. Buck Louis and Robert W. Platt

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195387902

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387902.001.0001

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Pregnancy, Prenatal Care, Weight, and Maternal Age

Pregnancy, Prenatal Care, Weight, and Maternal Age

(p.85) 5 Pregnancy, Prenatal Care, Weight, and Maternal Age
Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology

Mary L. Hediger

Oxford University Press

Once pregnant, nearly all women enter into prenatal care, so that the course of the pregnancy can be monitored and complications managed. At the time of entry there is a baseline examination and completion of a medical history, including sociodemographic characteristics (age, race/ethnicity), a family and individual medical history and reproductive history, and measurements of height and weight. In addition to examination for pathology and tests for pre-existing conditions, prenatal examinations throughout the rest of pregnancy almost always entail additional measurement of maternal weight, as a global indicator of nutritional status. This chapter addresses a number of areas of concern in these areas, such as the impact of the timing of entry to prenatal care, weight status, gestational weight gain, and maternal obesity, and pregnancy at the extremes of maternal age, all of which have long been the subject of epidemiologic investigation and surveillance.

Keywords:   pregnancy, prenatal care, gestational weight gain, maternal weight, gestational weight gain, obesity, adolescent pregnancy, advanced maternal age

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