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Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology$
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Germaine M. Buck Louis and Robert W. Platt

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195387902

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387902.001.0001

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Fecundity and Fertility

Fecundity and Fertility

(p.30) 3 Fecundity and Fertility
Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology

Germaine M. Buck Louis (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Human fecundity and fertility comprise the research domains of reproductive epidemiology and each has a spectrum of outcomes suitable for epidemiologic study. Fecundity outcomes in either or both partners of a couple as reviewed in this chapter include hormonal profiles, pubertal onset and progression, sexual function, semen quality, time to pregnancy, and reproductive senescence or andropause and menopause. Fertility outcomes include fertility rates, primary and secondary sex ratios, and twinning or higher order births. The chapter summarizes available evidence regarding the determinants of male and female fecundity. In addition, a comparison of available study designs suitable for assessing fecundity or fertility outcomes is presented and includes discussion of the strengths and limitations of prospective cohort, retrospective, current duration, historic cohort, and the case cohort designs.

Keywords:   assisted reproduction, fecundity, fertility, multiple births, puberty, semen, sex ratios, time to pregnancy, twins

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