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Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology$
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Germaine M. Buck Louis and Robert W. Platt

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195387902

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387902.001.0001

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Introduction to Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology

Introduction to Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology

Chapter:
(p.3) 1 Introduction to Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology
Source:
Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology
Author(s):

Germaine M. Buck Louis (Contributor Webpage)

Robert W. Platt (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387902.003.0010

Reproductive and perinatal epidemiology is a specialized area of epidemiologic investigation that focuses on the distribution, determinants and sequelae of reproductive and/or perinatal events. Two domains underlie reproductive epidemiology and include fecundity, defined as the biologic capacity for reproduction irrespective of pregnancy intentions, and fertility as measured by the ability to deliver a live born infant or to father a pregnancy resulting in birth. The research domains underlying perinatal epidemiology include pregnancy and the neonate. The highly timed and interrelated nature of human reproduction and development underscores the utility of prospective study designs with longitudinal capture of data across sensitive windows for both partners of the couples as discussed in the chapter along with other unique methodologic challenges such as choice of study population and appropriate unit of analysis, correlated study outcomes, hidden or unobserved data, interval censoring and truncation, and outcomes as predictors or causal mediators.

Keywords:   epidemiology, fecundity, fertility, methods, neonate, perinatal, pregnancy, reproduction

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