This introductory chapter begins with a description of Jim Crow reformers. Jim Crow reformers, along with others, played a significant role in shaping the political, economic, and social context in which both the civil rights movement and its counterpart, massive resistance, emerged. The policy successes and failures of Jim Crow reform examined in this book played a critical role in shaping the stage onto which history's actors would step. Southern reform and the shaping of American democracy, the Jim Crow order, and citizenship and the struggle for order and power are then discussed. An overview of the subsequent chapters is presented.
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