This chapter concludes the book by summarizing the major arguments and results. In addition, the chapter encourages a theoretical reorientation for poverty scholarship—such that structural factors are put in political context, and demographic and labor market factors receive less attention. Next, a fractal map is constructed of the past 100 years of poverty research. This heuristic identifies where institutionalized power relations theory departs from prevailing approaches in the social science of poverty. Supplementary analyses are conducted to assess whether poverty in the United States is so distinct that the theory cannot explain it. The results, however, demonstrate that poverty in the United States can be explained with institutionalized power relations theory. Finally, policy implications are discussed, followed by a conclusion.
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