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Brothers EstrangedHeresy, Christianity and Jewish Identity in Late Antiquity$
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Adiel Schremer

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195383775

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383775.001.0001

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4 Producing Minut

4 Producing Minut

Labeling the Early Christians as Minim

Chapter:
(p.87) 4 Producing Minut
Source:
Brothers Estranged
Author(s):

Adiel Schremer (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383775.003.0005

This chapter is devoted to a close reading of the single Tannaitic text (Tosefta, tractate Hullin, 2:22-24), in which followers of Jesus are designated as minim. It is argued that the two stories in that text construct the followers of Jesus as minim. In a literary fashion the stories maintain that one must be careful to distance oneself from Christians, precisely because the difference between them and otherwise “kosher” Jews is difficult to ascertain. The date of the text is discussed, and its meaning as a historical evidence for the process of the parting of the ways between rabbinic Judaism and early Christianity is discussed. From the perspective of classical rabbinic literature, it is argued, the early Christians were excluded from the community by means of their labeling as minim and constructing them as outsiders.

Keywords:   minim, Tosefta Hullin, followers of Jesus, early Christians, the parting of the ways, exclusion

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