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Bridging Cultural and Developmental Approaches to PsychologyNew Syntheses in Theory, Research, and Policy$
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Lene Arnett Jensen

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195383430

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383430.001.0001

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Identity Development in Multiple Cultural Contexts

Identity Development in Multiple Cultural Contexts

Chapter:
(p.161) Chapter 8 Identity Development in Multiple Cultural Contexts
Source:
Bridging Cultural and Developmental Approaches to Psychology
Author(s):

Jean S. Phinney

Oscar A. Baldelomar

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383430.003.0008

This chapter explores identity formation as an interactive process that takes place at the crux of development and culture. Development of identity is inseparable from the immediate and larger cultural contexts in which an individual lives. The chapter presents a model of identity formation suggesting that individuals follow different pathways of identity development, depending on their own needs and goals and on the opportunities and constraints offered by their culture. Identity formation occurs in different domains, such as occupation, religion, ethnicity, and gender, the importance of each which varies across cultures. However, the process of identity formation, based on individual and contextual variation in the extent and type of exploration and the degree of commitment, is similar across cultures.

Keywords:   identity formation, identity development, identity pathways, cultural context, identity domains, exploration and commitment, identity achievement, independence and interdependence, identity status

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