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Cross-Cultural Research$
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Jorge Delva, Paula Allen-Meares, and Sandra L. Momper

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195382501

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382501.001.0001

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Use of Experimental Designs in Community Settings

Use of Experimental Designs in Community Settings

Chapter:
(p.89) 5 Use of Experimental Designs in Community Settings
Source:
Cross-Cultural Research
Author(s):

Jorge Delva

Paula Allen-Meares

Sandra L. Momper

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382501.003.0005

This chapter illustrates how a community-based two-armed randomized clinical trial (RCT) was designed and implemented with low-income African American women who were mothers of young children (under 6 years of age) living in the most impoverished areas in Detroit. The purpose of the study was to decrease the rate of caries among the children and improve overall oral health among children and parents. As we describe in the chapter, being sensitive to the study participants was less about being sensitive to potentially stereotypical cultural elements about African Americans and more about being sensitive to the challenges, if not outright traumatic and unacceptable experiences, that severely economically disadvantaged populations experience ranging from individual and structural discrimination and food insufficiency, among others. We describe the complex sampling procedures, recruitment and retention issues, and provide extensive details about the development of the tailored intervention and control group protocols, including collaboration with community organizations.

Keywords:   randomized clinical trial (RCT), tailoring, targeting, social cognitive theory, motivational interviewing, complex sampling, blinding, data safety monitoring board

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