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Overcoming EvilGenocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism$
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Ervin Staub

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195382044

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.001.0001

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Other Elements of Reconciliation: Collective Memory, Shared History, and Justice

Other Elements of Reconciliation: Collective Memory, Shared History, and Justice

(p.442) 20 Other Elements of Reconciliation: Collective Memory, Shared History, and Justice
Overcoming Evil

Ervin Staub

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the importance of establishing the complex truth about past group relations, justice, and moving toward a shared view of history, in healing and reconciliation. Establishing the complex truth, which represents both groups' “truth” usually requires changes in both groups' collective memories and the development, if necessary through compromise, of some form of shared history. Justice is also essential. One aspect of this is punishment, especially of primary perpetrators. Another is establishing just procedures, for the present and the future. Another is restorative justice, leading perpetrators to engage in actions that help survivors and society, improving survivors' material existence, and having victims and perpetrators engage with each other. Truth commissions, international tribunals, and other justice processes such as the gacaca in Rwanda, contact between groups, and commissions that work on resolving issues and building relationships are among the practices to advance the reconciliation processes.

Keywords:   collective memories, shared history, group relations, reconciliation, justice, restorative justice, survivors

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