Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Tools for Innovation$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Arthur Markman and Kristin Wood

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195381634

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381634.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 22 May 2019

Supporting Innovative Construction of Explanatory Scientific Models

Supporting Innovative Construction of Explanatory Scientific Models

Chapter:
(p.216) Chapter 11 Supporting Innovative Construction of Explanatory Scientific Models
Source:
Tools for Innovation
Author(s):

Will Bridewell

Stuart R. Borrett

Pat Langley

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381634.003.0011

Scientific modeling is a creative activity that can benefit from computational support. This chapter reports five challenges that arise in developing such aids, as illustrated by PROMETHEUS, a software environment that supports the construction and revision of explanatory models. These challenges include the paucity of relevant data, the need to incorporate prior knowledge, the importance of comprehensibility, an emphasis on explanation, and the practicality of user interaction. The responses to these challenges include the use of quantitative processes to encode models and background knowledge, as well as the combination of AND/OR search through a space of model structures with gradient descent to estimate parameters. This chapter reports our experiences with PROMETHEUS on three scientific modeling tasks and some lessons we have learned from those efforts. This chapter concludes by noting additional challenges that were not apparent at the outset of our work.

Keywords:   scientific models, knowledge discovery, interactive software, science informatics, model revision, software design, inductive process modeling

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .