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The Global Clinical MovementEducating Lawyers for Social Justice$
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Frank S. Bloch

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195381146

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381146.001.0001

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The First Wave of Modern Clinical Legal Education: The United States, Britain, Canada, and Australia

The First Wave of Modern Clinical Legal Education: The United States, Britain, Canada, and Australia

Chapter:
(p.3) 1 The First Wave of Modern Clinical Legal Education: The United States, Britain, Canada, and Australia
Source:
The Global Clinical Movement
Author(s):

JEFF GIDDINGS

ROGER BURRIDGE

SHELLEY A. M. GAVIGAN

CATHERINE F. KLEIN

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381146.003.0001

This chapter considers the early development of clinical legal education in a group of countries that have proven influential in the spread of clinical methods across the globe: the United States, Britain, Canada, and Australia. There are both similarities and differences in the stories of how clinics emerged during the 1960s and 1970s with volunteer-based student services developing into academic programs that pursued both social justice and student learning objectives while emphasizing ethics and professional responsibility. The points of contrast relate to the academic-professional divide in British and Australian legal education, accreditation requirements, funding arrangements, and the treatment of clinicians in the legal academy. The chapter also considers the lasting legacy of these early programs, suggesting that the distinctiveness of clinical legal education is a source of both strength and vulnerability.

Keywords:   clinical methods, social justice, ethics, professional responsibility, clinicians, United States, Britain, Canada, Australia

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