Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Health Behavior Change and Treatment AdherenceEvidence-based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Leslie Martin, Kelly Haskard-Zolnierek, and M. Robin DiMatteo

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195380408

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 14 October 2019

Evaluation of Risks, Decision Making, and Outcomes

Evaluation of Risks, Decision Making, and Outcomes

Chapter:
(p.108) 5 Evaluation of Risks, Decision Making, and Outcomes
Source:
Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence
Author(s):

Leslie R. Martin

Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek

M. Robin DiMatteo

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.003.0005

Few people conduct a truly thorough and thoughtful evaluation of the evidence before they make a health-related decision. This chapter describes and evaluates strategies for making decisions based on empirical evidence. It then overviews the elements that are needed in order to understand health and medical risk information (e.g., Bayesian methods, odds ratios, risk ratios, survival analyses, and hazard ratios) as that information is typically presented in medical journals, scientific articles, news reports, and advertisements. The relative power of aggregated data (through meta-analysis) is also discussed. Evidence supporting the crucial role of the patient in decision making, and specific tools that can be used in decision making are presented (e.g., decision trees, PREPARED™), is reviewed.

Keywords:   decision-making, bayesian, odds ratio, risk ratio, survival analysis, hazard ratio, meta-analysis, decision tree, pREPARED™

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .