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International Norms and Cycles of Change$
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Wayne Sandholtz and Kendall Stiles

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195380088

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.001.0001

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The End of Conquest: Consolidating Sovereign Equality

The End of Conquest: Consolidating Sovereign Equality

(p.55) Chapter 3 The End of Conquest: Consolidating Sovereign Equality
International Norms and Cycles of Change

Brook Gotberg

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents a set of case studies to examine the cycle theory of international norm change with respect to rules on conquest. Each case represents a key cycle of norm change. The cases include Germany's 1870 annexation of Alsace-Lorraine; World War I; Japan's transformation of Manchuria into puppet state “Manchukuo” during the early years of the League of Nations; the Nazi invasions of Czechoslovakia and Poland leading up to World War II; North Korea's 1950 invasion of South Korea at the beginning of the Cold War; and the 1990 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait at the Cold War's end.

Keywords:   international norms, conquest, norm change, Alsace-Lorraine, World War I, Manchuria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Korea, Kuwait

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