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Global Occupational Health$
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Tee L. Guidotti

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195380002

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.001.0001

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The Worker

The Worker

Chapter:
(p.444) 23 The Worker
Source:
Global Occupational Health
Author(s):

Tee L. Guidotti

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0023

A worker is one who engages in compensated work, regardless of social class or status or how the money is earned. A worker may be a professional person such as a physician or lawyer or someone who out of necessity works in a job that others do not want. Some workers are temporarily out of work and others are permanently unemployed but they have worked and at least expect to work again. Workers who cannot find jobs are at much higher risk for a variety of health problems and psychological adjustment problems because being unemployed can be very stressful. Outreach programs are designed to provide services or education to a group of workers who are not likely to receive a message through traditional media or from their employers. Hiring and leave policies are factors that tend to work together for the disadvantage of women, leading to inequality in the workplace. The capacity of women to do work is a question of fitness to work, no different from that for men. The capacity to do hard work is specific to the individual and some women are much stronger and have more stamina than some men. Women who are healthy and fully mature are not significantly more susceptible to toxic exposures than men. In general, measures that protect the health of men are sufficient to protect the health of women, and if a hazard places women at risk, men are at risk also in the same workplace.

Keywords:   worker, work, unemployed, health problems, outreach programs, women, inequality, workplace, hazard

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