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The Doha BluesInstitutional Crisis and Reform in the WTO$
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Kent Jones

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195378825

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378825.001.0001

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WTO Accession

WTO Accession

The Hard Path to Universal Membership

Chapter:
(p.51) 3 WTO Accession
Source:
The Doha Blues
Author(s):

Kent Jones

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378825.003.0003

The WTO introduced a new set of rules for membership that attempted to promote and improve the discipline among members since this was needed to accomplish market access obligations. Also, WTO intended to attain universal membership. Working on these two goals brought about a lot of tension, thus this chapter aims to look into the political economy of the WTO accession process, especially on the first twenty-five new members to accede, and on their accession terms. The chapter compares the trends in membership of both the GATT and the WTO while also identifying the benefits attributed to members of these organizations. The chapter also looks into the GATT rules of accession and why these were modified in the WTO. The chapter also investigates on how long it takes to finish an accession agreement through a set of regression analyses while discussing the impact of WTO members' activity and bargaining power.

Keywords:   WTO, GATT, membership, accession, universal membership, benefits, terms, rules, bargaining power

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