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Victorian ReformationThe Fight Over Idolatry in the Church of England, 1840-1860$
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Dominic Janes

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195378511

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378511.001.0001

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Riots and Trials in London, 1840–60

Riots and Trials in London, 1840–60

(p.51) 3 Riots and Trials in London, 1840–60
Victorian Reformation

Dominic Janes (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter surveys events in Pimlico in west London between the end of the 1840s and the end of the 1850s. In these dramatic years St. Paul's, Knightsbridge and St. Barnabas, Pimlico became the centre of intense disputes over ritualism in the Church of England. William Bennett was forced from the parish in the winter of 1850-51 as the result of a series of riots and disturbances partly caused by the intervention of the Prime Minister in accusing High Church Anglicans in general and, by implication, Bennett in particular, of leading people to Rome. Bennett's successor, Robert Liddell, defended a serious of high profile legal cases which culminated in 1857 in the vindication of many ritualist practices such as the use of the cross in church (so long as it were clearly seen as an ornament rather than an object of worship in its own right). The centre of opposition in the parish was Charles Westerton, a Chartist, library owner and stationer whose actions opposed the Protestant (and proto-socialist) word against the Anglo-Catholic image via repeated accusations of idolatry.

Keywords:   Anglicans, Pimlico, Westerton, Bennett, Liddell, Church of England, Idolatry

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