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Holy JumpersEvangelicals and Radicals in Progressive Era America$
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William Kostlevy

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195377842

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377842.001.0001

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The Fire Wanes and Is Rekindled

The Fire Wanes and Is Rekindled

The Burning Bush Movement, 1913–1931

Chapter:
(p.145) 8 The Fire Wanes and Is Rekindled
Source:
Holy Jumpers
Author(s):

William Kostlevy (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377842.003.0008

In 1912, the MCA decided to stop production of the popular Gospel Art Calendar and establish a second community at Bullard, Texas. Never a financial success, the Bullard community would collapse in 1919. World War I, the influenza epidemic and chronic debt hindered the movement. In 1918, Duke Farson and his sons left the MCA organizing the rival Immanuel Church in Chicago. Remarkable revivals continued especially in the winter of 1919–1920 in Boscobel, Wisconsin. A Shortly before Harvey’s death in 1926, W. S. Hitchcock became president. Under Hitchcock leadership debt reduction replaced evangelism as the moment’s central emphasis. As the MCA retreated in North America dynamic young leaders strengthened and established missions in India, South Africa and Europe.

Keywords:   Bullard (Texas) Community, Influenza epidemic, W. S. Hitchcock, Boscobel (Wisconsin) Revival, Louis Goetz, Henry Anaman, John T. Johnson, Howard A. Bitzer

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