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Comparative CognitionExperimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence$
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Wasserman and Thomas R Zentall

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195377804

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.001.0001

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Selective Attention, Priming, and Foraging Behavior

Selective Attention, Priming, and Foraging Behavior

(p.106) 6 Selective Attention, Priming, and Foraging Behavior
Comparative Cognition

Alan C. Kamil

Alan B. Bond

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the results of experiments that investigated animal cognition in an integrative fashion by combining the methodology and insights of experimental psychology and evolutionary biology. This combination can be extraordinarily fruitful, yielding novel perspectives that can be applied broadly to the study of animal learning and memory. The chapter focuses on selective attention, priming, and foraging behavior in animals, along with spatial cognition and transitive inference. Considerations of how foraging animals might use selective attention while searching for cryptic prey have resulted in interesting questions that focus on the mechanisms of selective attention. Two naturally occurring foraging patterns, hunting by expectation and searching image, are related to two phenomena studied under laboratory conditions, associative priming and sequential priming.

Keywords:   animal cognition, prey, experimental psychology, evolutionary biology, selective attention, priming, foraging behavior, transitive inference, expectation, animal learning

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