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United in Diversity?Comparing Social Models in Europe and America$
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Jens Alber and Neil Gilbert

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195376630

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376630.001.0001

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THE NEW AMERICAN MODEL OF WORK-CONDITIONED PUBLIC SUPPORT

THE NEW AMERICAN MODEL OF WORK-CONDITIONED PUBLIC SUPPORT

Chapter:
(p.176) 8 THE NEW AMERICAN MODEL OF WORK-CONDITIONED PUBLIC SUPPORT
Source:
United in Diversity?
Author(s):

Rebecca M. Blank

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376630.003.0009

Observers have long discussed American “exceptionalism” in social policy. Throughout the 20th century, the United States had a more limited welfare state than most Western European nations. Over the last 15 years, the United States has made substantial changes in its social assistance programs. These changes place the United States at the forefront of developing a new model for the provision of social assistance, under which more dollars are delivered to able-bodied recipients through work-conditioned transfers rather than through cash assistance programs to non-workers. This chapter describes these changes, and discusses the strengths and weaknesses of this new American system.

Keywords:   United States, exceptionalism, welfare state, social welfare, social assistance programs

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