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Quotas for Women in PoliticsGender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide$
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Mona Lena Krook

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195375671

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375671.001.0001

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Legislative Quotas in Argentina and France

Legislative Quotas in Argentina and France

(p.161) SIX Legislative Quotas in Argentina and France
Quotas for Women in Politics

Mona Lena Krook (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores campaigns for legislative quotas in Argentina and France. Before quotas, these countries had almost identical proportions of women in parliament. In Argentina, a quota law was adopted in the early 1990s that required all parties to nominate 30% women. Although this provision amended only the electoral code and did not specify how the quota would be implemented and monitored, by the late 2000s, the policy had resulted in the election of 40% women. Around the same time, French legislators altered the constitution and electoral law to mandate that parties nominate equal numbers of women and men, with specific regulations as to how the quota would be applied and the sanctions that would be imposed on parties that did not meet these requirements. Despite these apparently radical reforms, the representation of women increased only incrementally to 12% and then 18%, still only barely approximating the world average.

Keywords:   gender quotas, women in politics, legislative quotas, candidate lists, courts, electoral law, constitution, Argentina, France

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