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Quotas for Women in PoliticsGender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide$
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Mona Lena Krook

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195375671

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375671.001.0001

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Party Quotas in Sweden and the United Kingdom

Party Quotas in Sweden and the United Kingdom

Chapter:
(p.107) FIVE Party Quotas in Sweden and the United Kingdom
Source:
Quotas for Women in Politics
Author(s):

Mona Lena Krook (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375671.003.0005

This chapter examines campaigns for party quotas in Sweden and the United Kingdom. Before quotas, both countries had relatively similar levels of female representation. In Sweden, advocates pressed parties to adopt recommendations and targets in the 1970s and 1980s but radicalized their demands over the course of the 1990s, eventually gaining commitments from most parties to alternate between women and men on their candidate lists. In the UK, a major party adopted a quota in the early 1990s, which was later declared illegal on the grounds that it violated anti-discrimination law. Following a period of legal ambiguity, MPs reformed the law to allow but not require parties to pursue positive action in candidate selection. This has since led to significant variations among parties in terms of their recruitment of women. As such, women now constitute 47% of MPs in Sweden but only 20% of MPs in the UK.

Keywords:   gender quotas, women in politics, party quotas, party reforms, candidate lists, law and politics, Sweden, United Kingdom

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